1 메모

김명환 前 조선일보사 사료연구실장 (2017-10-18). "[김명환의 시간여행] [91] 누드모델 구인難… 기생·식모까지 섭외… 여탕 훔쳐본 기억 되살려 그린 화가도". 조선일보. 

2 바기나 덴타타 번역

A spiked Venetian chastity belt.

Vagina dentata (Latin for toothed vagina) describes a folk tale in which a woman's vagina is said to contain teeth, with the associated implication that sexual intercourse might result in injury, emasculation, or castration for the man involved. The topic of "vagina dentata" may also cover a rare medical condition affecting the vagina, in which case it is more accurately termed a vaginal dermoid cyst.

2.1 In folklore

Such folk stories are frequently told as cautionary tales warning of the dangers of unknown women and to discourage rape.[1]

Erich Neumann relays one such myth in which "a fish inhabits the vagina of the Terrible Mother; the hero is the man who overcomes the Terrible Mother, breaks the teeth out of her vagina, and so makes her into a woman".[2]

The legend also appears in the mythology of the Chaco and Guiana tribes of South America. In some versions, the hero leaves one tooth.[3]

2.1.1 Hinduism

In Hinduism, the asura Andhaka, son of Shiva and Parvati (but not aware of it), is killed by Shiva when he tries to force the disguised Shiva into surrendering Parvati. Andhaka's son Adi, also an asura, takes the form of Parvati to seduce and kill Shiva with a toothed vagina in order to avenge Andhaka, but is also slain.[4]

2.1.2 Shintoism

In Shintoism the Ainu legend is that a sharp-toothed demon hid inside the vagina of a young woman and emasculated two young men on their wedding nights.[5] Consequently, the woman sought help from a blacksmith who fashioned an iron phallus to break the demon's teeth.[6][7] The legendary iron phallus is considered that enshrined at the Kanayama Shrine in Kawasaki, Japan, and there the popular Festival of the Steel Phallus 틀:Nihongo3 is held each spring.[8][9][10][11] Also, prostitutes considered that praying at that shrine protected them against sexually transmitted diseases.[12]

2.1.3 Māori mythology

In Māori mythology, the trickster Māui tries to grant mankind immortality by reversing the birth process, turning into a worm and crawling into the goddess of night and death Hine-nui-te-pō's vagina and out through her mouth while she sleeps. His trick is ruined when a pīwakawaka laughs at the sight of his entry, awakening Hine-nui-te-pō, who bites him to death with her obsidian vaginal teeth.

2.2 Metaphorical usage

In her book Sexual Personae (1991), Camille Paglia wrote:

The toothed vagina is no sexist hallucination: every penis is made less in every vagina, just as mankind, male and female, is devoured by mother nature.[13]

In his book The Wimp Factor, Stephen J. Ducat expresses a similar view, that these myths express the threat sexual intercourse poses for men who, although entering triumphantly, always leave diminished.[14]

2.3 Medical

In rare instances, dermoid cysts (a type of tumor) may grow in the vagina. Dermoid cysts are formed from the outer layers of embryonic skin cells. These cells are able to mature into many different types of tissues, and these cysts are able to form anywhere the skin is or where the skin folds inwards to become another organ, such as in the ear or the vagina. However, when dermoid cysts occur in the vagina, they are covered by a layer of normal vaginal tissue and therefore appear as a lump, not as recognizable teeth.[15][16][17]

2.4 See also

2.5 References

틀:Reflist

2.6 External links

틀:Sexual urban legends

3 Sexism in Art

4 아동 대상 매체의 성 관념 강화

4.1 TV

4.2 서적

4.3 게임

4.3.1 아동용 사이트 플래시 게임

잘못된 성 관념을 강화시킨다 "Leaving"은 주체와 목적어가 구분되는 동사.

이별 후 여성의 모습에 대한 고정관념이 생길 수 있음 감정을 극복해내는 방법으로 "꾸미기"를 보여주는 것이 적절한가? 국내 쥬니어 네이버 등지에서도 비슷한 게임을 많이 찾아볼 수 있음

5 성폭력 피해 공론화 해시태그 정리

  • 10.17 18:08 #오타쿠_내_성폭력 해시태그 제안
  • 10.18 01:17 #운동계_내_성폭력
  • 10.19 14:44 #대학_내_성폭력
  • 10.20 08:22 #문화계_내_성폭력
  • 10.20 17:35 #문단_내_성폭력
  • 10.21 01:23 #가족_내_성폭력
  • 10.21 02:31 #영화계_내_성폭력
  • 10.21 03:13 #교회_내_성폭력
  • 10.21 09:47 “핀치는 2차 가해를 방지하기 위해, 용기내어 성폭력 사실을 고백한 피해자들의 트윗을 기사 본문에 엠베딩하지 않았습니다. 핀치는 박진성 시인을 포함, 문단에서 벌어진 성폭력에 대한 피해 제보를 받고 있습니다.”
  • 10.21 09:46 #스포츠계_내_성폭력 해시태그 생성
  • 10.21 11:39 #공연계_내_성폭력
  • 10.21 13:58 “핀치는 한국 사회에 만연한 강간문화가 기록되거나 주목 받지 않는 상황에 우려를 표하며, 문단 뿐 아니라 하기 전반에 걸쳐 성폭력 피해를 입은 분들의 제보를 받고 있습니다.”
  • 10.21 15:46 #미술계_내_성폭력 해시태그 생성
  • 10.21 17:46 #교육계_내_성폭력
  • 10.21 19:38 #클래식음악계_내_성폭력
  • 10.22 12:37 “<그것이 알고 싶다>에서는 문화예술계 (문단, 영화계 등) 내의 성폭력으로 피해를 입은 적이 있거나 이에 대해 잘 알고 계신 분들의 제보를 기다립니다”
  • 10.24 20:09 #예술학교_내_성폭력
  • 10.25 15:56 #유학생_교민_한인사회_내_성폭력 해시태그 제안
  • 10.26 16:15 #힙합계_내_성폭력

6 Pedophile culture / K-pop

‘소녀’는 업무의 일환으로 웃는다./ 권위주의 사회는 어린 소녀를 대상화하며 이에 적응하는 것은 소녀의 필수적인 본분으로 자리 잡았다. — Raw Materials for a Theory of the Young-Girl by Tiqqun, p. 23

7 SWERF

SWERFSex worker exclusionary radical feminism(혹은 feminist)의 약어. 성노동자를 배제. 창녀 혐오와 3세대 페미니즘의.... R/"Sex worker exclusionary radical feminism". SJWiki. 

8 바이포비아

바이포비아(영어: Biphobia또는 양성애 혐오는 양성애 또는 양성애자에게 갖는 비이성적인 혐오, 공포 등 부정적인 감정 또는 편견, 차별 행위를 말한다. R/https://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/양성애_혐오

9 시스젠더

시스젠더라는 용어 Cisgender에서 "cis-"는 "같은 편, 같은 쪽에 있는"이라는 뜻의 접두사이다. 트랜스젠더에 대응해 만들어졌다. ‘비(非)트랜스젠더’를 의미하는 용어가 필요해지면서 만들어진 단어[19]다.

9.1 어원

독일의 성과학자(Sexologist) Volkmar Sigusch이 동료 평가된(peer-reviewed) 출판물에서 "cissexual (독일어: zissexuell)"라는 신조어를 사용했다. 1998년, 그의 에세이 "The Neosexual Revolution"에서 본인의 아티클 "Die Transsexuellen und unser nosomorpher Blick" ("Transsexuals and our nosomorphic view", 1991년)을 용어의 원전으로 출처표기했다.[20] 또한 1995년의 아티클 "Transsexueller Wunsch und zissexuelle Abwehr" (or: "Transsexual desire and cissexual defense")의 제목으로도 사용했다.[21]


시스젠더(영어: cisgender)는 "~을 가로지르는", "다른(other) 쪽에 있는"이라는 뜻의 "trans-"의 반대되는 의미인 "이(this) 쪽에 있는"이라는 뜻을 가진 라틴 유래의 접두사 "cis-"에서 유래되었다. 이 사용법은 화학의 cis–trans distinction, 유전학의 cis-trans 혹은 complementation, (러시아인의 입장에서의) 시스카프카시아(Ciscaucasia), 고대 로마 용어 "Cisalpine Gaul" 등에서도 찾아볼 수 있다. 젠더의 경우, cis-(sex)에 따른 젠더 정체성의 정렬(alignment. 위치?)을 묘사한다.[22]


사회학자 Kristen Schilt와 Laurel Westbrook은 "시스젠더"를 "신체적으로 타고난 젠더와 정체성이 일치하는 개인"의 명칭으로 정의한다.[19] ... 웅앵웅... 생각보다 길다...😢😢😢

Sociologists Kristen Schilt and Laurel Westbrook define cisgender as a label for "individuals who have a match between the gender they were assigned at birth, their bodies, and their personal identity".[19] A number of derivatives of the terms cisgender and cissexual include cis male for "male assigned male at birth", cis female for "female assigned female at birth", analogously cis man and cis woman, and cissexism and cissexual assumption. In addition, one study published in the Journal of the International AIDS Society used the term cisnormativity, akin to sexual diversity studies' heteronormativity.[23][24] A related adjective is gender-normative because, as Eli R. Green writes, "'cisgendered' is used [instead of the more popular 'gender normative'] to refer to people who do not identify with a gender diverse experience, without enforcing existence of a normative gender expression".[25] In this way, cisgender is preferable because, unlike the term gender-normative, it does not imply that transgender identities are abnormal.

Julia Serano has defined cissexual as "people who are not transsexual and who have only ever experienced their mental and physical sexes as being aligned", while cisgender is a slightly narrower term for those who do not identify as transgender (a larger cultural category than the more clinical transsexual).[26] For Jessica Cadwallader, cissexual is "a way of drawing attention to the unmarked norm, against which trans is identified, in which a person feels that their gender identity matches their body/sex".[27]

The terms cisgender and cissexual were used in a 2006 article in the Journal of Lesbian Studies[28] and Serano's 2007 book Whipping Girl,[26] after which the term gained some popularity among English-speaking activists and scholars.[29][30][31] Jillana Enteen wrote in 2009 that cissexual is "meant to show that there are embedded assumptions encoded in expecting this seamless conformity".[32]

Serano also uses the related term cissexism, "which is the belief that transsexuals' identified genders are inferior to, or less authentic than, those of cissexuals".[33] In 2010, the term cisgender privilege appeared in academic literature, defined as the "set of unearned advantages that individuals who identify as the gender they were assigned at birth accrue solely due to having a cisgender identity".[34]

While some believe that the term cisgender is merely politically correct,[35][36][37][38][39] medical academics use the term and have recognized its importance in transgender studies since the 1990s.[40][41][42]

In February 2014, Facebook began offering "custom" gender options, allowing users to identify with one or more gender-related terms from a selected list, including cis, cisgender, and others.[43][44] Cisgender was also added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2013, defined as "designating a person whose sense of personal identity corresponds to the sex and gender assigned to him or her at birth (in contrast with transgender)."[45]
  1. Rankin, Lissa (2010). What's Up Down There?: Questions You'd Only Ask Your Gynecologist If She Was Your Best Friend. St. Martin's Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-312-64436-9. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  2. Neumann, Erich; translated by Ralph Manheim (1955). The Great Mother. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 168. 
  3. Leach, Maria (1972). "vagina dentata". Funk & Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology and Legend. entry by Erminie W. Voegelin. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. p. 1152. ISBN 0-308-40090-9. 
  4. O'Flaherty, Wendy Doniger (1981). Śiva: The Erotic Ascetic. London & New York: Oxford University Press. p. 188. ISBN 0-19-520250-3. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  5. "Kanamara Matsuri 2014: What You Should Know About Japan's Penis Festival (NSFW PHOTOS)". huffingtonpost.ca. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 
  6. Chamberlain, B. H. "The Island of Women". Aino Folk-Tales, 1888. pp. vii, 37.
  7. "Metropolis - Japan Travel: Kawasaki - Heads up". Archived from the original on 2010-04-06. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 
  8. "Dammit, we missed The Festival of the Steel Phallus in Japan this weekend - Cosmopolitan". cosmopolitan.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 
  9. Dominique Mosbergen (2014-04-07). "Japan's Annual Penis Festival Is As Phallic As You'd Expect (PHOTOS)". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 
  10. Times LIVE. "Japanese festival celebrates the penis - Times LIVE". timeslive.co.za. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 
  11. "BBC - Travel - Slideshow - Ten events not to miss in April". Archived from the original on 2014-03-31. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 
  12. "Kanamara Matsuri: When Does Japan's Penis Festival Start? (NSFW PHOTOS)". huffingtonpost.ca. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 
  13. Paglia, Camille (1991). Sexual Personae: Art and Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickinson. NY: Vintage. p. 47. ISBN 9780679735793.
  14. Ducat, Stephen J. (2004). The Wimp Factor. Boston: Beacon Press. pp. 115–149. ISBN 978-0807043455. 
  15. Siu, S.-S. N.; Tam, W.-H.; To, K.-F.; Yuen, P.-M. (2003-04-01). "Is vaginal dermoid cyst a rare occurrence or a misnomer? A case report and review of the literature". Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology 21 (4): 404–406. ISSN 0960-7692. PMID 12704753. doi:10.1002/uog.97. 
  16. Coco, Claudio; Manno, Alberto; Mattana, Claudio; Verbo, Alessandro; Sermoneta, Daniel; Franceschini, Gianluca; De Gaetano, Annamaria; Larocca, Luigi Maria; Petito, Luigi (2008-08-01). "Congenital tumors of the retrorectal space in the adult: report of two cases and review of the literature". Tumori 94 (4): 602–607. ISSN 0300-8916. PMID 18822703. 
  17. Young, R. H. (1993-12-01). "New and unusual aspects of ovarian germ cell tumors". The American Journal of Surgical Pathology 17 (12): 1210–1224. ISSN 0147-5185. PMID 7694512. doi:10.1097/00000478-199312000-00002. 
  18. Hoban, R. 2002. "Riddley Walker". London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978 0 7475 5904 7.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Schilt, Kristen; Westbrook, Laurel (August 2009). "Doing Gender, Doing Heteronormativity: 'Gender Normals,' Transgender People, and the Social Maintenance of Heterosexuality". Gender & Society 23 (4): 440–464 [461]. doi:10.1177/0891243209340034. 
  20. Sigusch, Volkmar (February 1998). "The Neosexual Revolution". Archives of Sexual Behavior 27 (4): 331–359. PMID 9681118. doi:10.1023/A:1018715525493. 
  21. Sigusch, Volkmar (1995). "Transsexueller Wunsch und zissexuelle Abwehr". Psyche 49 (9–10): 811–837. PMID 7480808. 
  22. "Definition of cisgender". Merriam Webster. Retrieved April 20, 2016. 
  23. Logie, Carmen; James, Lana; Tharao, Wangari; Loutfy, Mona (2012). "‘‘We don’t exist’’: a qualitative study of marginalization experienced by HIV-positive lesbian, bisexual, queer and transgender women in Toronto, Canada". Journal of the International AIDS Society 15 (2). doi:10.7448/ias.15.2.17392. Retrieved January 17, 2013. 
  24. Ou Jin Lee, Edward; Brotman, Shari (2011). "Identity, Refugeeness, Belonging: Experiences of Sexual Minority Refugees in Canada". Canadian Review of Sociology 48 (3): 241–274. PMID 22214042. doi:10.1111/j.1755-618X.2011.01265.x. 
  25. Green, Eli R. (2006). "Debating Trans Inclusion in the Feminist Movement: A Trans-Positive Analysis". Journal of Lesbian Studies 10 (1/2): 231–248 [247]. doi:10.1300/j155v10n01_12. 
  26. 26.0 26.1 Serano, Julia (2007). Whipping Girl: A Transsexual Woman on Sexism and the Scapegoating of Femininity. Seal Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-1-58005-154-5. 
  27. Sullivan, Nikki; Murray, Samantha (2009). Somatechnics: queering the technologisation of bodies. Surrey, England: Ashgate Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 0-7546-7530-0. 
  28. Green, Eli R. (2006). "Debating Trans Inclusion in the Feminist Movement: A Trans-Positive Analysis," Journal of Lesbian Studies. Volume: 10 Issue: 1/2. pp. 231−248. ISSN 1089-4160
  29. Pfeffer, Carla (2009). "Trans (Formative) Relationships: What We Learn About Identities, Bodies, Work and Families from Women Partners of Trans Men". Ph.D dissertation, Department of Sociology, University of Michigan. 
  30. Williams, Rhaisa (November 2010). "Contradictory Realities, Infinite Possibilities: Language Mobilization and Self-Articulation Amongst Black Trans Women". Penn McNair Research Journal 2 (1). 
  31. Drescher, Jack (September 2009). "Queer Diagnoses: Parallels and Contrasts in the History of Homosexuality, Gender Variance, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual". Archives of Sexual Behavior 39 (2): 427–460. PMID 19838785. doi:10.1007/s10508-009-9531-5. 
  32. Enteen, Jillana (2009). Virtual English: Queer Internets and Digital Creolization (Volume 6 of Routledge studies in new media and cyberculture). New York City, New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 177. ISBN 978-0-415-97724-1. 
  33. Serano (2007) also defines cisgender as synonymous with "non-transgender" and cissexual with "non-transsexual" (p. 33).
  34. Walls, N. E., & Costello, K. (2010). "Head ladies center for teacup chain": Exploring cisgender privilege in a (predominantly) gay male context. In S. Anderson and V. Middleton Explorations in diversity: Examining privilege and oppression in a multicultural society, 2nd ed. (pp. 81−93). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. Quote appears on p.83.
  35. Hernandez, Vittorio (February 14, 2014). "What’s Your Choice – Male, Female, Transgender, Intersex?: Other Gender Options Now Available for Facebook Users". International Business Times. Retrieved December 18, 2015. 
  36. Daubney, Martin (December 16, 2014). "Was 2014 the year political correctness went stark raving mad?: This year has seen political correctness turn sinister, thanks to the outraged, sanctimonious reactions of social media's PC police, argues Martin Daubney". The Daily Telegraph. 
  37. Thompson, Damian (February 7, 2015). "The march of the new political correctness:I hoped that the British sense of the ridiculous, our relish in piss-taking, would keep us safe. Now I’m not so sure". The Spectator. 
  38. Macdonald, Neil (March 17, 2015). "'Mansplaining' the return of political correctness:The scourge of the '90s, PC seems to be gaining a new foothold on college campuses". CBC.ca. Retrieved December 18, 2015. 
  39. Wordsworth, Dot (November 7, 2015). "How we ended up ‘cisgender’:The history of a tendentious word". The Spectator. 
  40. Aultman, B (2014). Cisgender. Duke of University Press. p. 61. doi:10.1215/23289252-2399614. 
  41. Tate, Charlotte Chucky; Bettergarcia, Jay N.; Brent, Lindsay M. (2015). "Re-assessing the Role of Gender-Related Cognitions for Self-Esteem: The Importance of Gender Typicality for Cisgender Adults". Psychology & Psychiatry Journal (Springer US) 72 (5–6): 221–236. doi:10.1007/s11199-015-0458-0. 
  42. "New Mental Health Study Findings Have Been Reported by Investigators at Brown University (Gender Minority Stress, Mental Health, and Relationship Quality: A Dyadic Investigation of Transgender Women and Their Cisgender Male Partners)". Mental Health Weekly Digest (Academic OneFile) 9: 224. 2015. 
  43. Brandon Griggs (February 13, 2014). "Facebook goes beyond 'male' and 'female' with new gender options". Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  44. The Associated Press. "Facebook's New Gender Identity Options". 
  45. Martin, Katherine. "New words notes June 2015". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved August 2, 2015.